Official name: Oriental Republic of Uruguay
Area: 187,000 km²
Population: 3,500,000 hab.
Capital: Montevideo (1,400,000 pop.)
People: European descent 88%, 8% Mestizo, 4% African
Religion: Roman Catholic 66%, 2% Protestant, 2% Jewish
Government: Democratic presidential republic
GDP: 28.400 billion
GDP per capita: $ 8,600 Annual growth: 3%
Major industries: Food processing, textiles and chemicals, wool and leather, electrical machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products and tourism
Major trading partners: Brazil, Argentina, USA and European Union
Health risks: There are no particular risks, but you should consider vaccination against hepatitis
Time Zone: GMT-4 GMT-5 in summer
Electricity: 220V, 50 Hz
Weights and measures: Metric
In Uruguay, inflation is offset by currency devaluations, as dollar prices do not vary substantially. The costs, especially housing and transport, are slightly lower than in Argentina. Travelers on a tight budget can survive with $ 50 a day, but if they require more amenities, they should expect to spend 100 dollars per day. In the currency exchange offices located in Montevideo, Colonia and the most important beach resorts is possible to change dollars in cash and travelers checks (checks with a slightly lower commission).
In the interior of Uruguay it is usual to change the currency in bank offices. The hotels, restaurants and most luxurious shops accept credit cards, but the ATMs but do not support European or American credit cards. The black market does not exist. In restaurants it is common to give a gratuity of 10 percent of the account, although not mandatory, may be appropriate to round up the price of a taxi fare.