The Iguassu Falls are waterfalls of the Iguazú River located on the border of the Brazilian state of Paraná and the Argentine province of Misiones. The falls divide the river into the upper and lower Iguazú.
The Iguazú falls can be reached from the two main towns located on either side of the falls: Foz do Iguazú in the Brazilian side, and Puerto Iguazú in the Argentine side as well as from Ciudad del Este Paraguay on the other side of the Parana river from Foz do Iguazú.
The falls are shared by the Iguazú National Park of Argentina and Iguazú National Park of Brazil. These parks were designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1984 and 1987, respectively.
The Iguazú Falls are much taller than The Niagara Falls, twice as wide with 275 cascades spread in a horseshoe shape over nearly two miles of the Iguazu River.
Besides, the Iguazú Falls are the result of a volcanic eruption which left yet another large crack in the earth. During the rainy season of November – March, the rate of flow of water going over the falls may reach 450,000 cubic feet (12,750 cubic m) per each second.
From the Argentinean side the tourists can get an intimate touch with the waterfalls.
Many walking trails are paved throughout the reserve, and a free train brings visitors from the entrance to the falls themselves. These facilities allow a close encounter with the falls.
Walking through the parks makes it possible to see the rich flora and the huge amount of beautiful birds, butterflies, coatis and many other animals.
The most impressive fall in the area is called “the Devil’s throat”.
Adventure lovers can take a boat along the Devil’s canyon up to the Devil’s throat.
In the other side the Brazilian park is less impressive. It is much more crowded (since there is only one trail which all travelers are walking through) but it provides beautiful scenery of the falls (more panoramic views), therefore it shouldn’t be missed either.
You should put aside at least one day to see the Argentinean side, and an additional half day for the Brazilian side.
Among other tourism attractions, visiting The Hito Tres Fronteras (a tri-border area) along the junction of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay where Iguazu and Parana Rivers converge is imperative.
Another important place to visit in the region is a 20 has. jungle area near Puerto Iguazú and next to the Iguazú National Park, you can find the Birds’s Recovery and Breeding Center Güira Oga, which means The House of Birds in Guarana.
Also in the Brazilian side you can visit Itaipu Dam. It is a hydroelectric dam on the Parana River located on the border between Brazil and Paraguay.
The Itaipu Dam was listed as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World, in a list compiled in 1995 by the American magazine Popular Mechanics.
The amount of concrete used to build the Itaipú Power Plant would be enough to build 210 football stadiums the size of Maracaná
The town of Puerto Iguazú offers all type of services for tourism as well as a wide range of hotels, apart-hotels, inns, cottages, apartments for rent, campsites, restaurants and coffeehouses to make your travel experience unforgettable.
The Iguazu Falls is undoubtedly the most visited place in Misiones and one of the most imposing natural attractions in Argentina, and why not in South America…