Name: Federative Republic of Brazil.
Area and boundaries: 8,511,965 km2, occupies almost half the area of South America. It is bounded on the north by Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana and the Atlantic Ocean to the east by the Atlantic Ocean south of Uruguay, on the west by Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia and Peru and northwest by Colombia.
Brazil has a common border with all South American countries except Chile and Ecuador, border lines are 14,691 km, 7,941 km extension of its dimensions. Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world. Its maximum distance from north to south is 4,345 km and from east to west than 4,330 km.
Brazilian states: It is composed of 26 states: Acre, Alagoas, Amapá, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceará, Goiás, Espírito Santo, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para, Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Piau, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondônia, Roraima, São Paulo, Santa Catarina, Sergipe, Tocantins and the Federal District (Brasilia)
Population: 186,112,794 (estimated 2005), population density is about 22 inhabitants per km2, is the fifth most populous country.
The main cities are: São Paulo (11,434,252 inhabitants.) Rio de Janeiro (5,857,904 pop.), Salvador de Bahia (2,443,107 pop.), Belo Horizonte (2,350,564 pop.), Brasilia (2.2082 .049 room., estimated in 2004), Recife (1,500,000 pop.), Manaus (1,400,001 pop.).
Information about Brazil
Although the metropolitan areas of Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro have a greater number of inhabitants, around the huge growth experienced in the surrounding area and nearby. The Metropolitan Region of Sao Paulo with 20.5 million (est. 2005) in an area of 8,051 km2. Thus, it becomes the largest megalopolis in size and population of Latin America, catching up with New York or Tokyo. The Metropolitan Region of Rio de Janeiro also overcrowded, with 11.6 million inhabitants.
Capital: Brasilia, had previously been Salvador de Bahia from 1549-1763 and Rio de Janeiro from 1763 to 1960 became Brasilia.
Official Language: Portuguese, although the Portuguese spoken in Brazil has an intonation and accent that differs from that spoken in Portugal. Spanish is being taught in Brazilian schools as a second language, the Brazilian government’s parliamentary decision in August 2005.
P.I.B. (Gross Domestic Product): U.S. $ 1,552,542 million in 2005 (10 th place worldwide).
P.I.B. per capita: U.S. $ 8,745 in the year 2010 (at No. 70 worldwide).
Tags: Information about Brazil in South America