AeroPeru and Faucett, international airlines of Peru, have been closed indefinitely. It is possible that the first company comes back to open again, but for now international flights must be conducted through foreign companies. Lima’s international airport, called Jorge Chavez, is a hub for journeys from Europe and the United States to the Andean countries, because it has multiple connections with neighboring countries. Some international flights are connected to Iquitos in the Amazon region of Peru.
The land border crossings between Peru and Chile are in Tacna, between Ecuador and Peru is in Tumbes and between Peru and Bolivia is in Yunguyo and Desaguadero on the shores of Lake Titicaca. You can access in Iquitos by river from Colombia and Brazil.
Peru is a large country and many travelers with a reduced stay choose air travel for visiting the country.
Since August 1999, Aero Continente has effectively monopolized domestic flights, but the routes are limited.
In July 1999, LanPeru, co-owned by LanChile, resumed its routes. There are several small companies that fly to remote destinations in light aircraft. Journeys within the country carry a 18 percent tax, although it is possible to avoid the surcharge by purchasing the tickets abroad. Public buses are the most common means of transport for long distances.
They are cheap, comfortable and with a good daily frequency the passport should always be available for display at police checks. We recommend travel during the day and not at night. In remote areas, the trucks tend to do the service of a bus.
The rates are applied according to the distances, although it is preferable to agree the price in advance. Local buses are slow, cheap and they have plenty of users.
To get off of the bus you have to let the driver know. In the taxi the price is agreed in advance, as the taximeter does not exist. The train services operate from the coast to the plateau: The central rail goes from Lima to La Oroya, where it splits into north and south. The northern branch continues to the Cerro de Paco and the southern branch to Huancayo, although there are plans to open the southern section of the passenger trains, both routes are currently used only for freight transport. There is a short branch for passenger links Huancayo to Huancavelica. The southern railway, links Arequipa to Lake Titicaca and Cuzco. It’s cheap and comfortable. In the eastern lowlands, transport by ship is essential. The canoes powered by outboard engines replaced the taxis and some cargo ships also function as major river transport.