Territorial Division of Colombia

Colombia has a continental and insular area of 1,141,748 km ² and is bordered by Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Ecuador and Peru.

The country is divided into 32 departments and one capital district and it is organized in more than 1,098 municipalities in the district capital.

Population of Colombia

Colombia has a population of approximately 42,888,592 inhabitants (51% of female population), consisting of 58% mestizo, 20% white,18% of African descent and 1% indigenous. The population between0 and 14 years reaches 33%, the group ranging between 15 and 64 years is 62% and those with more than 65 years account for 5% of the total population.



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Language of Colombia

Spanish is the official language of Colombia. The languages and dialects of ethnic groups are official in their territories. In San Andres and Providencia, English is also spoken.

Economy of Colombia

The official currency of Colombia is the Colombian peso (1Colombian peso = 100 cents). Its exchange rate against the U.S. dollar as the currency trading to September 26, 2007, 2010 is $ 1 for Colombian pesos.



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The main export crops are coffee, flowers, cotton, cocoa, petroleum and precious stones. The main industries include tourism, textiles, food, chemical, mechanical and transport equipment and beverages. GDP is about 285 billion pesos, from services (53.3%), agriculture (12.5%) and industry (34.2%). Unemployment hovers around 12%and 49.2% of the country’s inhabitants live below the poverty line.

Media of Colombia

Colombia has about 28 TV channels and more than 26 papers written. Colombia has only one national newspaper coverage – Weather -. Television channels with national coverage are: Canal RCN, Caracol, Channel One and Channel A.


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