Paraguay is the “wilderness area” in South America, a country little known even among his own neighbors. For much of its history, it has been distanced itself from Latin American mainstream, and over a significant period of the twentieth century has been the most notorious police state and permanently in South America.
. J. O’Rourke summed frankly and wrote that “Paraguay is in nowhere and is famous for nothing”, who later, when making a flying visit to cover the elections, immediately fell in love with the place.
The travelers probably will feel the same because Paraguay has made great strides to overcome its political isolation, economic and geographical, and is nowadays a tourist destination.
The capital is a quiet corner on the edge of the river Paraguay; in addition, it offers impressive Jesuit missions, several National Parks and one of the largest desert areas of South America: the vast, arid Chaco. Paraguay is a landlocked country, bordering Brazil, Argentina and Bolivia.
The country is divided into two unequal portions by the Paraguay River, which is a very wide one. To the west of the river, lies the Chaco, a vast expanse of arid land with low population density, occupying almost 60% of the area of the country. To the east of the river, almost all the inhabitants of the country are concentrated.
The east area is a high plateau with well watered grasslands and dotted with subtropical forests that are extend to the Parana River in the borders with Brazil and Argentina. The fauna is very diverse, and among the main species, there are numerous birds such as parrots or parakeets, stork tuyuyu bald, blue macaw (or hyacinth) and Chaco peccary, which was long considered extinct, and also there are many large reptiles like the caiman, anaconda or boa.
However, due to high population density in rural eastern Paraguay, certain mammals like the giant anteater, maned wolf or the Amazonian tapir (Tapirus terrestris) and jaguar are disappearing quickly. In the eastern part of Paraguay, the weather is humid and the rains are spread evenly throughout the year. The temperatures are quite high in summer (January to March), with an average of 35 C° , and in winter (July to September) they can drop to 5 C° , at which time there is usually frost, although rarely it snows. In the Chaco, the temperatures are higher and there is more irregular rainfall.