Bolivia, the Latin American republic more isolated and the one with the highest elevations, a landlocked country, is the Tibet of the Americas. It is also the country with more indigenous, over 50% of the population retains the values and beliefs from their Indian ancestors.
Although Bolivia is one of the poorest countries in South America, its cultural wealth, its extraordinary Andean landscapes and the remains of ancient and mysterious civilizations make it the most promising and exciting destination for independent travelers and adventurous spirit.
Bolivia is sandwiched between Peru, Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil and Chile, in central South America.
It is the fifth largest country in the continent, with an approximate area equal to that of France and Spain combined. It is divided into five geographical regions: the Altiplano, densely populated, at 3,500 m above sea level, which extends from the Peruvian border till north of Lake Titicaca and the south of Argentina, The mountain valleys that are located south and east the Altiplano and which have good weather and fertile soil, The Yungas, the transition zone between the icy peaks of the Andes and the Amazon rain forest, The Chaco, a plain warm, dry, impenetrable and desert along the borders with Paraguay and Argentina, and The undeveloped area of wetlands, savannas, thickets and rainforest of the Amazon basin, which occupies much of the territory north and east of the country.
Due to its relatively low population density, low urbanization and geographic diversity, Bolivia is one of the best places in America to observe free wild animals.
Among the fauna, there are the spectacled bear, jaguar, vicuna, llama, alpaca, anteater, tapir, capybara, turtle, alligator, rhea and condor. Although Bolivia has a system of national parks quite acceptable, the environment is accusing the damage caused by human settlements in the lowlands of the Amazon basin. The huge fortunes awaiting those prepared to exploit the mineral resources, the agricultural and timber in the region have bowed to government toward a less concerned about environmentalism.
Because of the extreme diversity of its geography, the climate of Bolivia covers a wide spectrum. In general, the temperatures are cooler, with a rainy season that lasts from November to March in most of the country. The cities of La Paz and Potosi often recorded extremely low temperatures with rains and snow, while the Altiplano region is prone to severe flooding. During the dry season, the weather is pleasant, though clear skies can cause a dramatic drop in night temperatures. In the lowlands, the weather is warm and sunny with some rain that refreshes the environment.